Speed dating kilkenny 2016

The Irish had a tendency to die in the heat, and were not as well suited to the work as African slaves, but African slaves had to be bought.Irish slaves could be kidnapped if there weren’t enough prisoners, and of course, it was easy enough to make Irish prisoners by manufacturing some petty crime or other.Richard Ligon, who witnessed these things first-hand and recorded them in a history of Barbados he published in 1657, stated: “Truly, I have seen cruelty there done to servants as I did not think one Christian could have done to another.” According to Sean O’Callahan, in To Hell or Barbados, Irish men and women were inspected like cattle there, just as the Africans were.In addition, Irish slaves, who were harder to distinguish from their owners since they shared the same skin color, were branded with the owner’s initials, the women on the forearm and the men on the buttocks.

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While most were sold to the sugar planters in Barbados, Jamaica and throughout the West Indies, some writers assert that at least 20,000 were sold to the American colonies.Over 100,000 Irish Catholic children were taken from their parents and sold as slaves, many to Virginia and New England.Unbelievably but truly, from 1651 to 1660 there were more Irish slaves in America than the entire non-slave population of the colonies!The Irish refused to relocate peaceably, for the most part, since they couldn’t survive if they did.A law, published in 1657, read: “Those who fail to transplant themselves into Connaught (Ireland’s Western Province) or (County) Clare within six months… Are to be sent into America or some other parts beyond the seas…”(1) Any who attempted to return would “suffer the pains of death as felons by virtue of this act, without benefit of Clergy.”(2) The soldiers were encouraged to kill the Irish who refused to move; it was certainly not considered a crime.There are records of Irish slaves well into the 18th Century. According to written record, in at least one incident 132 slaves, men, women, and children, were dumped overboard to drown because ships’ supplies were running low.

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